First aid training can be an important asset to everyone as an emergency situation is non-predictable. If you are able to handle an “emergency situation”, and help somebody in need, that will be the greatest moment in one’s life. But you cannot perform first aid unless you take proper first aid training and first aid without proper training may even make the condition of the victim worse.
There are a few things which you can do until the medical rescue team arrives. These simple procedures would help the patient as well as paramedics who treat the patient.
Abdominal pain – Keep the patient in a position in which he/she is comfortable. Do not to give the patient anything to eat or drink.
Minor burns – Soak the wound area in cold water. Do not put creams, ice or butter in the affected area. Protect the burn by covering it with a non-adhesive bandage.
Chest pain – Rest the patient in a position in which they are comfortable. It is better if you could make the patient sit upright. Aspirin can be given only if the patient is an adult and not allergic to aspirin. Try to keep the patient calm.
Choking – Trouble in breathing, inability to talk or cough are the signs of choking. Ask the person to cough. If coughing doesn’t work, support their upper body with one hand and help to turn forward. Using the heel of your hands, give five continuous blows between their shoulder blades. Start Heimlich maneuver only if you are trained or else get immediate medical help.
Convulsions/Seizures – Look around if the person is in a dangerous area. Clear the zone to keep the patient from harming themselves. Do not try to hold them still.
Bleeding – Bleeding from cuts and grazes can be controlled by elevating the wound and applying pressure.
Drowning – Check if the person is breathing or not. Perform pulse check for 10 seconds and if there is no pulse then start CPR if you’re trained, or get the immediate assistance of a medical dispatcher.
Suffocating – If the patient is not breathing, you can start CPR. Make sure the airways are clear. Place the individual on his back. If the patient cannot breathe by himself, start to give artificial breathing by mouth to mouth method. Continue it until the patient start to breathe himself. Get immediate medical help.
Electric Shock – Separate the person from an electrical source. Start CPR immediately, if the person is not breathing. Check for other injuries and call for medical help immediately.
Suspected broken bones or disengaged joints – Keep the injured body part from moving until you reach the hospital. This may ease the pain and protect from further damage.
Nosebleed – Keep the head tilted forward. Apply an ice pack to nose or the back of the patient’s neck.
Most of the accidental deaths occur due to the lack of proper first aid or emergency care. It is advisable for everyone to get a medical emergency training and never wait to support the victim to get an immediate medical support.