Importance of teaching Basic Life Support among students

Student life forms the happiest years of one’s existence. Those carefree days of merriness and mirth at school and on excursions can never be forgotten. But for some, these school trips have turned into a nightmare with a friend drowning in a lake or undergoing an accident. Those are the times when you regret not understood the importance of basic life support training.

basic life support
Basic life support training or BLS is very important for students to help others in an emergency before the victim is hospitalized. Your BLS can save a life in minutes with the first aid you administer. So all students must undertake BLS training to improve global health and save lives.

Statistics that show that BLS training is a must for students

  • Around 60-80% of the people suffer cardiac arrests outside the hospitals
  • Around 2000 people die in Europe every day due to sudden cardiac arrest with unsuccessful out-of-hospital CPR (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation)
  • Only 1 out of 10 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests cases survive.
  • Only 1 out of 5 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests receive bystander CPR.
  • Bystander CPR through BLS training has trebled the survival of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims in Scandinavia.

All this just emphasize the importance of basic life support training to students which can improve global survival rates.

What is BLS training?

Basic Life Support is the medical care administered to the victim during an emergency until he is taken by paramedics to the hospital. This life-saving crisis care can save people who are drowning, choking or under cardiac arrest. It includes knowledge of basic first aid and CPR- cardio-pulmonary resuscitation.

Firefighters, lifeguards, police officers, military and security personnel, daycare providers, teachers and nursing staff are expected to have basic BLS training.

BLS first aid information

BLS first aid information comprises of the ways to manage a life-threatening injury until professional doctors or ambulance arrives. This includes bleeding cessation, assisting with a broken bone or spine, performing CPR and using AED (automatic electronic defibrillator) if absolutely necessary.

Basic Cardiac Life support

BLS is the only life-saver in case of a cardiac arrest. Basic Cardiac Life Support is the emergency medical care administered as part of BLs through CPR or the use of AEDs.

The bystander uses the mnemonic DRA -CABD while administering Basic Cardiac Life Support. (CABD- circulation, Airway, Breathing, Defibrillate)

D – Check for Danger
R – Check for a response- torso movement, chest breathing, an answer to “are you OK?”
A – If unresponsive, call for BLS ambulance service and bring AED.
C – Circulation

  • If the patient has a pulse -Place the patient supine and provide 10 rescue breaths per minute. Recheck pulse.
  • If the patient does not have a pulse -perform 5 cycles of CPR for 2 minutes. Provide 100-200 chest compressions per minute.

A – Airway – in the event of an unwitnessed collapse, trauma, drowning

  • Use Jaw – thrust maneuverer – Place our fingers underneath the jaw and press hard to advance the jaw forward. This is used when a cervical injury cannot be ruled out.
  • Use head tilt – chin lift maneuverer – Press your pal on the forehead and tilt head backward. Using your fingers, pull your chin forward and upwards.

Breathing

  • If patient breathes normally, place him in a recovery position and leave him undisturbed.
  • If patient breathes inadequately, commence rescue breaths.
  • If the patient has no breath, commence CPR.

Defibrillate

  • When AED has arrived, attach pads to the patient’s skin and turn on AED.
  • Pause CPR to check the rhythm
  • If a rhythm is not traceable, initiate 5 cycles of CPR and recheck rhythm.
  • If a shock is indicated, press the shock button, remove shock providers and resume 5 cycles of CPR.

Basic Life Support Training can save lives within seconds and must be imparted to all students to create a difference between life and death.

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First Aid and Basic First Aid Procedures

First aid training can be an important asset to everyone as an emergency situation is non-predictable. If you are able to handle an “emergency situation”, and help somebody in need, that will be the greatest moment in one’s life. But you cannot perform first aid unless you take proper first aid training and first aid without proper training may even make the condition of the victim worse.

firstaid

There are a few things which you can do until the medical rescue team arrives. These simple procedures would help the patient as well as paramedics who treat the patient.

Abdominal pain – Keep the patient in a position in which he/she is comfortable. Do not to give the patient anything to eat or drink.

Minor burns – Soak the wound area in cold water. Do not put creams, ice or butter in the affected area. Protect the burn by covering it with a non-adhesive bandage.

Chest pain – Rest the patient in a position in which they are comfortable. It is better if you could make the patient sit upright. Aspirin can be given only if the patient is an adult and not allergic to aspirin. Try to keep the patient calm.

Choking – Trouble in breathing, inability to talk or cough are the signs of choking. Ask the person to cough. If coughing doesn’t work, support their upper body with one hand and help to turn forward.  Using the heel of your hands, give five continuous blows between their shoulder blades. Start Heimlich maneuver only if you are trained or else get immediate medical help.

Convulsions/Seizures – Look around if the person is in a dangerous area. Clear the zone to keep the patient from harming themselves. Do not try to hold them still.

Bleeding – Bleeding from cuts and grazes can be controlled by elevating the wound and applying pressure.

Drowning – Check if the person is breathing or not. Perform pulse check for 10 seconds and if there is no pulse then start CPR if you’re trained, or get the immediate assistance of a medical dispatcher.

Suffocating – If the patient is not breathing, you can start CPR. Make sure the airways are clear. Place the individual on his back. If the patient cannot breathe by himself, start to give artificial breathing by mouth to mouth method. Continue it until the patient start to breathe himself. Get immediate medical help.

Electric Shock – Separate the person from an electrical source. Start CPR immediately, if the person is not breathing. Check for other injuries and call for medical help immediately.

Suspected broken bones or disengaged joints – Keep the injured body part from moving until you reach the hospital. This may ease the pain and protect from further damage.

Nosebleed – Keep the head tilted forward. Apply an ice pack to nose or the back of the patient’s neck.

Most of the accidental deaths occur due to the lack of proper first aid or emergency care. It is advisable for everyone to get a medical emergency training and never wait to support the victim to get an immediate medical support.